Patavii [Padua]: Typis Pauli Frambotti, 1651. Second Edition. Quarto (24cm). Bound in contemporary full brown leather, tooled in gold in six compartments on spine, all edges sprinkled red and brown; plain endpapers; [xvi], 1-522,  pp; engraved title page and 23 illustrations by Giovanni Georgi (fl. 1617-63), including 18 full-page plates and 5 smaller in-text plates. Without the portrait of Severino but otherwise complete, with errata at rear. Ownership inscription "Antoine Crachel 1840" on 3Z2v. A sound and sturdy copy, mildly cocked, externally much rubbed, with occasional spots of internal dirt, else clean: about Very Good.
4o: [+]-++4 A-3X4 3Z2. Final leaf 3Z2 blank. Illustrations on pp. 37, 38-9, 43, 46, 48, 58, 60, 61, 63, 66, 68, 93, 99, 121-2, 205, 218, 241, 281, 297, 348, 374. None of the line engravings are on inserted leaves; all are printed with at least a letterpress running head, except the engraved title page which is conjugate with [+]4.
Severino (1580-1656) was an Italian surgeon and anatomist who taught at the University of Naples and practiced surgery at the Ospedale degli Incurabili. He was known throughout Europe for his publications on surgery (such as De recondita abscessuum natura, 1632, the first textbook on surgical pathology, Garrison-Morton 2273) and animal anatomy (Zootomia Democritea, 1645, Garrison-Morton 289). He corresponded with notable contemporaries such as William Harvey and Thomas Bartholin. He was called before the Inquisition for allegedly unorthodox religious views, but was acquitted (Dictionary of Scientific Biography). Vipera Pythia discusses the nature, anatomy, and venom of snakes and vipers, as well as surrounding mythological lore. Most of the illustrations are mythological or symbolic, but a few are anatomical; all are striking. GRÄSSE VI, p.376. For the first edition of 1650, cf. OSLER 3961.