Boston: Oliver Johnson, 1843. Enlarged Edition. Later edition of the abolitionist's most important work, the first appearing in London in 1840. Birney noted in his work that while overtly pro-slavery American churches were appearing in the South, Northern churches were not reflecting the inverse, too many of these institutions either silent on the question or pro-slavery. Birney was himself born into one of the wealthiest slaveholding families in Kentucky, though his father James Birney, an Irish expatriate, supported a free state constitution. Birney Jr.'s own early contributions to the anti-slavery movement included joining the American Colonization Society, though eventually rejecting its ineffectual and racist tenets. He eventually joined the American Anti-Slavery Society and twice ran for president on the abolitionist Liberty Party. DUMOND, p. 27, describing this as enlarged by William Goodell; LCP AFRO-AMERICANA 1211, describing this as the third edition. 12mo (18.5cm.); side-stitched self-wrappers; 48pp.; title page (acting as upper cover) printed within decorative border. Some foxing throughout, else a Very Good, still quite fresh copy.