N.p. [Washington, D.C.: by the Author, 1917], 1917. Brief but quite sophisticated discussion of the issue of race eugenics and whether the "professional class" of Negroes would be self-sustaining through its own reproductivity;" Miller's preliminary conclusion is that "the upper class is headed towards extinction, unless reinforced from the fruitful mass below." Kelly Miller (1863-1939) was the first African American to receive graduate education in Mathematics (Johns Hopkins, 1887-89); he later founded the Department of Sociology at Howard University, where he taught until 1934. Though less widely-known today than his more famous contemporaries Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois, Miller was arguably the most influential Black intellectual of his era, a prolific, articulate, and widely-published advocate for Negro education and civil rights, once called by Carter Woodson "undoubtedly the greatest pamphleteer of the Negro race." Octavo. Staple-bound wrappers; pp. Offprint. Wrapper edges soiled and briefly chipped along upper margin; perforations for binding at bound edge; Very Good.