New York: American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society, 1849. First Separate Edition. Extremely scarce first-hand account of slave conditions in North Carolina as described by Nehemiah Caulkins, first published in the 1839 compilation "American Slavery, As It Is," edited by Theodore Dwight Weld and Angelina and Sarah Grimké for the Society. Though erroneously described as an ex-slave in recent academic literature, Caulkins was in fact a white house carpenter from New London County, Connecticut, who worked for eleven consecutive winters for a John Swan outside of Wilmington whose plantation had about seventy slaves. Caulkin makes special note of the cruelty of the overseer, an ex-Methodist minister, who, if a slave had a toothache, would knock the offending tooth out with a hammer (p. 12). In an especially sordid anecdote Caulkins describes two turkey hunters who discovered a runaway slave in the woods, shot him and "carried his head home" (p. 16). Based on his experiences working alongside Swan's slaves the author finally concludes "Emancipation would be safe. I have had eleven winters to learn the disposition of the slaves, and I am satisfied they would cheerfully work for pay. Give them education, equal and just laws, and they will become the most interesting people" (p. 22). No copies for sale as of November, 2019; OCLC locates four copies in North America, at Yale, Oberlin, LCP, and Wisconsin Historical. DUMOND, p. 35. 12mo (18.5cm); side-stitched self-wrappers; iv,,22pp. Upper and rear wrappers separated but present, the whole rather soiled and a bit worn along extremities; Good or better overall.