Memorandum of the Don Republic Delegation [at the Paris Peace Conference, 1919]
Paris: 1919. First Edition. A stirring plea for sovereign recognition, dated May 15, 1919, written by the President of the Don Cossack Delegation at the Paris Peace Conference. In 1917, following the Russian Revolution, the Don Cossacks - for hundreds of years an autonomous entity within the borders of Imperial Russia - had been the first nation to declare open war against the Bolsheviks. By 1918, the Cossacks declared the complete independence of the Republic of the Don, and Cossack troops formed the effective mass of the anti-Bolshevik White Army. The Don Delegation's plea for recognition was essentially ignored by the major powers at the Paris Peace Conference, who had made the deliberate decision to let matters in Russia play out on their own. Without international support, the White Army and the Don Republic collapsed completely by the end of 1919, effectively putting an end to the anti-Bolshevik resistance within Russia. The Soviet process of "de-cossackization" began immediately and continued through the Stalin purges of the 1930s, with the result that the ethnic Cossack population in Russia was thoroughly decimated, either by disease, famine, or deportation, by the end of the Second World War. An important and very scarce survival, presumably one of very few official documents to be issued by this short-lived and now nearly forgotten nation-state. OCLC notes one location only for this English-language edition (BDIC Nanterre, which also owns a French-language edition, as does University of Manchester). No locations found in North America. Quarto (31cm). Sewn pamphlet; self-wraps; 8pp. Partial split to bound edge; minor soil and foxing; complete and Good. Text in English.