[RADICAL POETRY] [ITALIAN-AMERICANS] BALABANOFF, Angelica
New York: E. Laub, 1943. First Edition. Octavo (22cm). Red, velvet-flocked stiff card wrappers, stamped in gilt on front cover; red and black-printed dustjacket; 160pp. Inscribed and signed by Balabanoff on rear endpaper, dated New Year 1944/45. Brief staining at endpaper gutters, else Very Good in the original printed dustwrapper, rubbed and damp-stained at margins; Good. Text in English, French, Russian (cyrillic), Italian and German. Balabanoff (1878-1965), an Italian Jew, was one of the founders of the Italian Communist Party; she joined the Russian Bolsheviks in 1917 and served as secretary of the Comintern from 1919-20, during which time she became closely affiliated with Lenin, Trotsky, Zinoviev, and many others among the inner circle of the Bolsheviki. She broke with the Bolsheviks and left Russia in 1922, after which she once again became active in the Italian Socialist party. During Mussolini's regime she went into exile, first in Switzerland, then Paris and, finally, New York City, during which time she published a number of multilingual editions of her poetry.